The priesthood of Christ and the priesthood of all believers in the theology of Martin Luther

Adriani Rodrigues Milli

Resumo


The priesthood of all believers is one the most important ideas in the theology of Martin Luther and has significant implications for ecclesiology, theology of ministry and biblical interpretation, all of them with an impact on the notion of religious authority. Given the importance of all these themes, this article aims at investigating the proper understanding of the foundations of Luther’s thinking on the topic as well as the consistency of this Protestant concept of priesthood and its implications. That will be done by describing the concept of Christ’s priesthood in the context of the theology of Martin Luther, observing how this concept influences Luther’s understanding of the priesthood of all believers.


Keywords: Priesthood of all believers; Martin Luther; Ecclesiology; Religious authority.


O sacerdócio de todos os crentes representa um dos conceitos mais importantes na teologia de Martinho Lutero e possui implicações significativas para a eclesiologia, teologia do ministério e a interpretação bíblica — temas que afetam a noção de autoridade religiosa. Dada a importância de todos esses assuntos, este artigo tem como objetivo investigar a adequada compreensão dos fundamentos do pensamento de Lutero sobre o sacerdócio de todos os crentes, bem como a consistência deste conceito protestante e suas implicações. Isso será realizado por meio da descrição do conceito do sacerdócio de Cristo no contexto da teologia de Martinho Lutero, observando como esse conceito influencia a compreensão de Lutero sobre o sacerdócio de todos os crentes.

Palavras-chave: Sacerdócio de todos os crentes; Martinho Lutero; Eclesiologia; Autoridade religiosa.


Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ANDERSON, M. E. Gustaf wingren and the swedish luther renaissance. New York: Peter Lang, 2006. (American University Studies, 243).

CARROLL, J. W. As one with authority: reflective leadership in ministry. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1991.

CULP, K. A. Vulnerability and glory: a theological account. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2010.

EASTWOOD, C. C. The priesthood of all believers: an examination of the doctrine from the reformation to the present day. Eugene: WIPF & Stock, 2009.

GASSMANN, G.; HENDRIX, S. H. Fortress introduction to the lutheran confessions. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1999.

GEORGE, T. Theology of the reformers. Nashville: Broadman, 1988.

GERRISH, B. A. Priesthood and ministry in the theology of Luther. Church History, v. 34, n. 4, p. 404-422. 1965.

GRUDEM, W. Systematic theology: an introduction to biblical doctrine. Leicester; Grand Rapids: InterVarsity; Zondervan, 2000.

GULLEY, N. R. Debate over justification by faith: evangelicals and catholics. Journal of the Adventist Theological Society. v. 20, n. 1-2, p. 113-148, 2009.

JEFFCOAT JÚNIOR., J. R. Martin Luther’s doctrine of ministry. Tese. (Doutorado em Teologia). Drew University, New Jersey, 1989.

KÄRKKÄINEN, V. M. Deification view. In: BEILBY, J. K.; EDDY, P. R. (Eds.). Justification: five views. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2011.

. Introduction to ecclesiology: ecumenical, historical & global perspectives. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2002.

. Justification. In: KÄRKKÄINEN, V. M.; DYRNESS, W. A.; MARTINEZ, J. F.; CHAN, S. Global dictionary of theology: a resource for the worldwide church, Downers: InterVarsity, 2008.

LEUPOLD, U. S. Liturgy and hymns. In: PELIKAN, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1986. v. 53.

LOHSE, B. Martin Luther’s theology: its historical and systematic development. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2011.

. Martin Luther: an introduction to his life and work. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986.

LUTHER, M. Career of the Reformer IV. In: LEHMANN, H. T. (Ed.). Luther’s works. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press, 1960. v. 34.

. Church and Ministry I. In: LEHMANN, H. T. (Ed.). Luther’s works. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2003. v. 39.

. Church and Ministry II. In: LEHMANN, H. T. (Ed.). Luther’s works. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 2003. v. 40.

. Lectures on Deuteronomy. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1960. v. 9.

. Lectures on Genesis. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1958. v. 1.

. Lectures on Genesis. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1967. v. 5.

. Lectures on Genesis. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1969. v. 6.

. Lectures on Genesis. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1964. v. 4.

. Lectures on Genesis. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1960. v. 2.

. Lectures on Titus, Philemon, and Hebrews the catholic epistles. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1968. v. 29.

. Selected Psalms II. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1956. v. 13.

. The Catholic Epistles. In: AMER, (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1967. v. 30.

. Word and Sacrament II. In: LEHMANN, H. T. (Ed.). Luther’s works. Saint Louis: Concordia, 1959. v. 36.

MANNERMAA, T. Christ present in faith: Luther’s view of justification. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005.

MAYES, D. C. Practicing what he preached: how martin Luther lived out his “Universal Priesthood of All Believers”. Dissertação. (Mestrado em Teologia). University of Richmond, Richmond, 1996.

MCGRATH, A. E. Christianity’s dangerous idea: the protestant revolution, a history from the sixteenth century to the twenty-first. New York: Harper One, 2007.

MONTOVER, N. Luther’s revolution: the political dimensions of Martin Luther’s Universal Priesthood. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2011. (Princeton Theological Monograph Series).

MONTOVER, N. The political and temporal dimensions of Luther’s doctrine of the priesthood of all believers: a case study. Tese. (Doutorado em Teologia). Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 2008.


Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia