Gênesis e Cronologia Mundial

Autores

  • John Walton EaStCHEM School of Chemistry, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife, KY16 9ST, United Kingdom

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19141/1809-2454.kerygma.v17.n..pe01458

Palavras-chave:

Genesis., Chronology, Global flood, Radiocarbon, Dinosaur fossils

Resumo

A desconfiança de Gênesis como história tem sido fomentada pela geociência uniformitária e pela cronologia do tempo profundo.   A realidade ou não de uma inundação global tem um papel crucial na história e na cronologia mundiais.  São apresentadas evidências de tipos diferentes que favorecem tal inundação das escrituras, da geociência e da antropologia. Datação por radiocarbono, devidamente calibrada para a descontinuidade da inundação, fundamenta uma cronologia compacta do tempo de milhares de anos para a história da Terra.  Isto é reforçado pela comparação das datas de radiocarbono modelo de inundação para sítios antigos próximos do leste com os obtidos independentemente pelos arqueólogos. A corroboração adicional da cronologia Gênesis provém de descobertas de tecidos moles preservados, proteínas e até mesmo ADN em ossos de dinossauros fósseis e outros em espécimes de toda a coluna geológica.   A crença numa criação recente e rápida é credívelmente defensável pela ciência desinvestida de construções ideológicas seculares naturalistas. A cronologia do tempo compacto reabilitar a crença na realidade histórica dos relatos de Gênesis sobre a origem da vida e a origem da morte. 

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

AUSTIN, J. J.; SMITH, A. B.; FORTEY, R. A.; THOMAS, R. H. Ancient DNA from Amber Inclusions: A Review of the Evidence. Ancient Biomolecules, v. 2, p. 167-176, 1998.

AXE, D. Undeniable: How Biology Confirms Our Intuition that Life is Designed. New York: HarperOne, 2016.

BATTEN, D. Which is the Recent Aberration? Old-Earth or Young-Earth Belief? Creation, v. 24, p. 24-27, 2001.

BAILLEUL, A. M.; ZHENG, W.; HORNER, J. R.; HALL, B. K.; HOLLIDAY, C. M.; SCHWEITZER, M. H. Evidence of Proteins, Chromosomes and Chemical Markers of DNA in Exceptionally Preserved Dinosaur Cartilage. National Science Review, p. 1-8, 2020.

BAUMGARDNER, J. R. 14-C Evidence for a Recent Global Flood and a Young Earth. In: Vardiman, L.; Snelling, A. A.; Chaffin, E. F. editors. Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: A Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, Volume II. El Cajon: Institute for Creation Research, 2005.

BAUMGARDNER, J. R.; SNELLING, A. A.; HUMPHREYS, D. R.; AUSTIN, S. A. Measurable 14C in Fossilized Organic Materials: Confirming the Young Earth Creation-flood Model. In: IVEY, R. L. Jr. editor. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism. Pittsburgh: Creation Science Fellowship, v. 5, p. 127-147, 2003.

BRAUN, E. Proto, Early Dynastic Egypt and Early Bronze I-II of Southern Levant: Some Uneasy 14C Correlations. Radiocarbon, v. 43, p. 1279-1295, 2001.

BROWN, R. H. C-14 Age Profiles for Ancient Sediments and Peat Bogs. Origins, v. 2, n. 1, p. 6-18, 1975.

BROWN, R. H. The Interpretation of C-14 Dates. Origins, v. 6, p. 30-44, 1979.

BROWN, R. H. Correlation of C-14 Age with the Biblical Time Scale. Origins, v. 17, n. 1, p. 56-65, 1990.

BROWN, R. H. Correlation of C-14 Age with Real Time. Creation Research Society Quarterly, v. 29, p. 45-47, 1992.

BROWN, R. H. Compatibility of Biblical Chronology with C-14 Age. Origins, v. 21, n. 2, p. 66-79, 1994.

BRUINS, H. J.; VAN DER PLICHT, J. Radiocarbon Challenges Archaeo-historical Time Frameworks in the Near East: The Early Bronze Age of Jericho in Relation to Egypt. Radiocarbon, v. 43, p. 1321-1332, 2001.

CARTER, R. W. Mitochondrial Diversity Within Modern Human Populations, Nucleic Acid Research, v. 35, n. 9, p. 3039-3045, 2007,

CARTER, R. editor. Evolution’s Achilles’ Heels. Powder Springs: Creation Book Publishers, 2014.

CLAREY, T. Carved in Stone: Geological Evidence of a Worldwide Flood. Dallas: Institute for Creation Research, 2020.

COFFIN, H. G.; BROWN, R. H.; GIBSON, L. J. Origin by Design. Hagerstown: Review and Herald, 2005.

CUPPS, V. R. Rethinking Radiometric Dating. Dallas, Institute for Creation Research, 2019.

DONOVAN, S. K. editor. Mass Extinctions: Processes and Evidence. London: Belhaven Press, 1989.

DOUKHAN, J. B. Genesis; Seventh-day Adventist International Bible Commentary. Nampa: Pacific Press, 2016.

ELDREDGE, N. Reinventing Darwin, London: Orion Publishing, p. 95, 1996.

GALLOWAY, D. J. Design Dissected: Is the Design Real? Kilmarnock: Ritchie, 2021.

GESENIUS, H. F. W. Gesenius’ Hebrew Grammar, 2nd ed. Trans. COWLEY, A. E. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956.

GIEM, P. Carbon-14 Content of Fossil Carbon. Origins, v. 51, p. 6-30, 2001.

HALLAM, A.; WIGNALL, P. B. Mass Extinctions and Their Aftermath, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

HAAS, H. et al. Radiocarbon Chronology and the Historical Calendar in Egypt. In: AURENCHE, O. et al. editors. Chronologies in the Near East, British Archaeological Report S379, part 2, 1987.

HASEL, M. G. Recent Developments in Near Eastern Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating. Origins, v. 56, p. 6-31, 2004.

HAWASS, Z.; GAD, Y. Z.; ISMAIL, S.; KHAIRAT, R.; FATHALLA, D.; HASAN, N.; AHMED, A.; ELLEITHY, H.; BALL, M.; GABALLAH, F.; WASEF, S.; FATEEN, M.; AMER, H.; GOSTNER, P.; SELIM, A.; ZINK, A.; PUSCH, M. C. Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun's Family. Journal of the American Medical Association, v. 303, p. 638-647, 2010.

HOLDEN, J. M.; GEISLER, N. The Popular Handbook of Archaeology and the Bible. Eugene: Harvest House, 2013.

HÖSSJER, O.; GAUGER, A. A Single-Couple Human Origin is Possible. Biocomplexity, n. 1, p. 1-20, 2019.

HOWARD, J. A. In: KOCHI, J. K. editor, Free Radicals, v. 2, New York: Wiley, 1973.

INGOLD, K. U. Inhibition of the Autoxidation of Organic Substances in the Liquid Phase. Chemical Reviews, v. 61, p. 563-589, 1961.

JOÜON, P. A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1993.

KHAIRAT, R.; BALL, M.; CHANG, C.-C. H.; BIANUCCI, R.; NERLICH, A. G.; TRAUTMANN, M.; ISMAIL, S.; SHANAB, G. M. L.; KARIM, A. M.; GAD, Y. Z. First Insights into the Metagenome of Egyptian Mummies Using Next-generation Sequencing. Journal of Applied Genetics, v. 54, p. 309-325, 2013.

KITCHEN, K. A. On the Reliability of the Old Testament. Cambridge: William Eerdmans, 2003.

KNAPP, A. B. Mesopotamia, History of (Chronology). In: FREEDMAN, D. N. editor. The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Volume 4. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

LIGUORI, N. Echoes of Ararat: A Collection of Over 300 Flood Legends from North and South America. Green Forest: Master Books, 2021.

LINGHAM-SOLIAR, T. A Unique Cross Section Through the Skin of the Dinosaur Psittacosaurus from China Showing a Complex Fibre Architecture. Proceedings. Biological Sciences, v. 275, p. 775-780, 2008.

MARVIN, U. B. Impact and its Revolutionary Implications for Geology. In: SHARPTON, V. L.; WARD, D. editors. Global Catastrophes in Earth History: An Interdisciplinary Conference on Impacts, Volcanism and Mass Mortality. Geological Society of America Special Paper, v. 247, p. 147–54, 1990.

MCGHEE, G. R., The Late Devonian Mass Extinction: The Frasnian/Famennian Crisis. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

MAROTA, I.; BASILE, C.; UBALDI, M.; ROLLO, F. DNA Decay Rate in Papyri and Human Remains from Egyptian Archaeological Sites. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, v. 117, p. 310-318, 2002.

MASON, J. Radiometric Dating. In: CARTER, R. editor. Evolution’s Achilles Heels. Powder Springs: Creation Book Publishers, p. 193-213, 2014.

MAYR, E. W. What Evolution Is. New York: Basic Books, p. 16, 2001.

MELLAART, J. Egyptian and Near Eastern Chronology: A Dilemma? Antiquity, v. 53, p. 6-22, 1979.

MEYER, S. C. Return of the God Hypothesis. New York: Harper Collins, 2021.

MILLER, H. Carbon-14 Dated Dinosaur Bones. https://newgeology.us/presentation48.html (accessed November 2021).

MORELAND, J. P.; MEYER, S. C.; SHAW, C.; GAUGER, A. K.; GRUDEM, W. editors. Theistic Evolution; A Scientific, Philosophical and Theological Critique. Wheaton: Crossway, 2017.

NELSON, B. C. The Deluge Story in Stone. Ada: Bethany House, 1968, Appendix 11, Flood Traditions, see Figure 38.

NISBET, E. G.; PIPER, D. J. W. Ocean Science: Giant Submarine Landslides. Nature, v. 392, p. 329–30, 1998.

OARD, M. J. An Ice Age Caused by the Genesis Flood. El Cajon: Institute for Creation Research, 1990.

PALMER, T. Controversy, Catastrophism and Evolution: The Ongoing Debate. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 1999.

PAWLICKI, R.; NOWOGRODZKA-ZAGORSKA, M. Blood Vessels and Red Blood Cells Preserved in Dinosaur Bones. Annals of Anatomy, v. 180, p. 73-77, 1998.

PERLOFF, J. Tornado in a Junkyard: The Relentless Myth of Darwinism. Arlington: Refuge Books, 1999.

PRICE, R.; HOUSE, H. W. Zondervan Handbook of Biblical Archaeology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2017.

RAMPINO, M. R.; STOTHERS, R. B. Flood Basalt Volcanism During the Past 250 million Years. Science, v. 241, p. 663–8, 1988.

RAUP, D. M. Conflicts Between Darwin and Palaeontology, Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin, v. 50, p. 22-29, 1979.

RAUP, D. M.; SEPKOSKI, J. J. Jr. Mass Extinctions in the Marine Fossil Record. Science, v. 215, p. 1501–3, 1982.

RAUP, D. M. The Nemesis Affair. New York and London: Norton, 1986.

REHWINKEL, A. M. The Flood. St. Louis: Concordia, 1951.

ROHL, D. M. A Test of Time. London: Arrow books, 1995.

ROTHWELL, R. G.; REEDER, M. S.; ANASTASKIS, G.; STOW, D. A. V.; THOMSON, J.; KÄHLER, G. Low Sea-level Stand Emplacement Megaturbidites in the Western and Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Sedimentary Geology, v. 135, p. 75-88, 2000.

SARFATI, J. D. The Genesis Account. Powder Springs: Creation Book Publishers, 2015.

SCHARPENSEEL H. W.; BECKER-HEIDMANN. P. Twenty-five Years of Radiocarbon Dating Soils: Paradigm of Erring and Learning. Radiocarbon, v. 34, p. 541-549, 1992.

SCHWEITZER, M. H.; WITTMEYER, J. L.; HORNER, J. R.; TOPORSKI, J. K. Soft-tissue Vessels and Cellular Preservation in Tyrannosaurus Rex. Science, v. 307, p. 1952-1955, 2005.

SCHWEITZER, M. H.; WITTMEYER, J. L.; HORNER, J. R. Soft Tissue and Cellular Preservation in Vertebrate Skeletal Elements from the Cretaceous to the Present. Proceedings of Biological Sciences, v. 274, p. 183-197, 2007.

SCHWEITZER, M. H.; ZHENG, W.; ORGAN, C. L.; AVCI, R.; SUO, Z.; FREIMARK, L. M.; LEBLEU, V. S.; DUNCAN, M. B.; VANDER HEIDEN, M. G.; NEVEU, J. M.; LANE, W. S.; COTTRELL, J. S.; HORNER, J. R.; CANTLEY, L. C.; KALLURI, R.; ASARA, J. M. Biomolecular Characterization and Protein Sequences of the Campanian Hadrosaur B. Canadensis. Science, v. 324, p. 626-631, 2009.

SCHWEITZER, M. H. Soft Tissue Preservation in Terrestrial Mesozoic Vertebrates. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v. 39, p. 187-216, 2011.

SCHWEITZER, M. H.; ZHENG, W.; CLELAND, T. P.; GOODWIN, M. B.; BOATMAN, E.; THEIL, E.; MARCUS, M. A.; FAKRA, S. C. A Role for Iron and Oxygen Chemistry in Preserving Soft Tissues, Cells and Molecules from Deep Time. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, v. 281 n. 1775, p. 20132741, 2013: doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.2741.

SHEA, J. H. Twelve Fallacies of Uniformitarianism. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 52, p. 701-702, 1982.

SIMIC, M. G. Free Radical Mechanisms in Autoxidation Processes. Journal of Chemical Education, v. 58, p. 125, 1981.

SLOSS, L. L. Sequences in the Cratonic Interior of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 74, p. 93-114, 1963.

SNELLING, A. A. Earth’s Catastrophic Past, Volume 2. Dallas: Institute for Creation Research, 2009.

TAYLOR, R. E.; BAR-YOSEF, O. Radiocarbon Dating, An Archaeological Perspective, 2nd edition. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press, 2014.

THOMAS, N. Taking Leave of Darwin. Seattle: Discovery Institute Press, 2021.

THOMAS; B.; TAYLOR, S. Proteomes of the Past: The Pursuit of Proteins in Paleontology. Expert Review of Proteomics, v. 16, p. 881-895, 2019.

VREELAND, R. H.; ROSENZWEIG, W. D.; POWERS, D. W. Isolation of a 250-Million-year-old Halotolerant Bacterium from a Primary Salt Crystal. Nature, v. 407, p. 897-900, 2000.

WALTON, J. C. Compact Time: A Short History of Life on Earth. Kibworth Beauchamp: Matador, 2021.

WALTKE, B. K.; O’CONNOR, M. P. An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1990.

WHITELAW, R. L. Time, Life, and History in the Light of 15,000 Radiocarbon Dates. Creation Research Society Quarterly, v. 7, p. 56-71, 1970.

WILLIAMS, D. Taken Without Consent; How Atheists Have Hijacked Science. United Kingdom: Amazon, 2020.

YOUNG, R. Analytical Concordance to the Bible. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1970.

Publicado

2022-01-19

Como Citar

WALTON, J. Gênesis e Cronologia Mundial . Kerygma, Engenheiro coelho (SP), v. 17, n. 1, p. e01458, 2022. DOI: 10.19141/1809-2454.kerygma.v17.n.pe01458. Disponível em: https://revistas.unasp.edu.br/kerygma/article/view/1458. Acesso em: 6 fev. 2023.

Edição

Seção

Artigos